Iyengar Yoga is a form of hatha yoga that uses props as aids in performing asana (poses). When Guruji created this form of yoga, he wanted to make the asana of hatha yoga accessible for all practitioners, young and old.
Using belts, blankets, cushions, benches, straps, sandbags and blocks help students develop strength, mobility, and stability while reducing the risks of injury. Iyengar has classified and categorized over 200 asana and 14 pranayama (breathing techniques) into a linear progression so that beginners can advance to more challenging asana and pranayama in a safe way. The progression allows students to steadily gain flexibility and confidence, as well as sensitivity in the mind, body, and spirit.
Iyengar yoga has a reputation for improving aches and pains, improving posture, and even treating serious medical conditions.
B.K.S. Iyengar has applied his practice to addressing various ailments, diseases, and disorders. Many clinics, rehabilitation centers, and hospitals have incorporated Iyengar yoga into their recovery programs and physical therapy. Chronic backache, immunodeficiency, high blood pressure, insomnia, depression, and menopause all have specific Iyengar yoga programs associated with them (that is, particular Iyengar yoga sequences, timing, and techniques all developed specifically for the physical and emotional symptoms of these ailments). Generally, Iyengar yoga is useful in physical therapy because it helps with the manipulation of inflexible or injured areas of the body.
Below are the array of asanas and its effects on the body